Seizure Service Dogs

Dogs have proven to be of help to us in so many different ways. With their superior senses and attention to detail, it is no surprise that dogs capable of alerting to their owner’s seizures have become so popular lately. This often lifesaving task has given many people living with seizure disorders entirely new possibilities thought impossible before the addition of a seizure alert dog. When a seizure strikes, it can often be scary, intimidating, and create a very unsafe situation for the individual. Having a dog trained to take action during a seizure can make a world of difference. Having a trustworthy companion capable of offering their aid during a seizure creates opportunities for their owners to have more independence, feel more secure, and be more prepared for when a seizure happens.

Seizure Assistance Service Dog with child
Seizure Alert Service Dog with boy

Seizure Alert and Seizure Assistance

We train both Seizure Assistance and Seizure Alert Service Dogs and are frequently asked what the difference is between them. The short answer is that a Seizure Assistance Dog is trained to behave a certain way when a seizure occurs. This is usually a task such as pressing a medical alert button, retrieving a phone, or barking for help. A Seizure Alert Dog is trained to behave a certain way before the seizure ever happens, providing early warning to their handler that a seizure is imminent. With many types of seizures, time is of the essence to limit the amount of damage the body suffers, and with enough advance notice, some seizures can even be prevented by the administration of appropriate medications.

Ever versatile,  a service dog tested for the correct temperament and drive can be trained to both indicate before a seizure occurs as well as sound the alert when one is in progress.  This means it is possible for the dog to be trained in both seizure and seizure assistance skills, depending upon what the owner needs. Intensive training such as these types of tasks typically require more time with the trainer, as this requires the dog to be trained with two very distinct, and potentially life-saving skills.

Both types of service dogs are amazing examples of the abilities of our canine companions. However, it is important to understand that seizure alert is not a task all dogs can learn. Due to the precarious situations of seizures, it is a possibility the service dog may never pick up on the seizures ahead of time. However, given the type of seizures, chances of the dog learning to sense the seizure beforehand improve with training. Though seizure alert training is complex and can be difficult, it is still possible and extremely helpful to those who require this type of assistance.

The Importance of Seizure Alert Training

It is important to understand that dogs may not be able to be trained to alert to or assist with all types of seizures. In order to train a seizure alert dog to alert to a type of seizure, there must be unique visual, physical, or audible cues that can be imitated during training. Grand Mal, myoclonic, clonic, and tonic seizures, and other less common types are among those with symptoms which are most easily mimicked. Atonic and absence seizures are not; their latency gives us a much lower success rate.

The training process includes exposing the seizure alert dog to the symptoms of the seizure and shaping his or her behavior to a final indication, whether it be a bark alert or even pawing at their owner to let them know the seizure is coming. The mimicked symptoms become the cue for the dog to perform his or her desired behavior, and the dog is rewarded each time he or she successfully executes the behavior. This training is only one part of the battle. The other part comes from a solid transition to working for the person for whom the seizure alert dog will eventually work.


Without training, there is about a 10-20% chance a dog will naturally pick up on the seizures before they occur. However, with training, the chance of a service dog recognizing the signs of a coming seizure raises to approximately 60-80%. This is dependent upon the bond which the human and dog create and how well the handler follows through with the maintenance training. Many seizure alert dogs will begin to identify cues that start far earlier than the initial cues they were trained to alert, and even in advance of medical devices, but this process takes time and is wholly dependent on the dog-human relationship being solid, strong, close, and positive. The dog must continue to be reinforced for the proper behavior at the proper time. This is one case where training a personal pet dog is frequently the most ideal option because the dog is already bonded to the handler, which can speed the alert process.

The Benefits of a Seizure Service Dog

As described, seizure alert training takes time and commitment but the results can be lifesaving and life changing. The fear of having a seizure while in public, resulting in a bad fall or landing in a dangerous area, can be avoided when receiving a warning from a seizure alert dog. Many seizures occur during the night, when no one is around to monitor the individual in need. A canine companion can be trained to sleep in the bed with their handler, so they are immediately aware of the changes in the body’s chemistry and can alert or assist others in the household. Increased independence, security, and constant companionship are only a few of the differences these dogs make in the lives of their owners affected by a seizure disorder.


If you or a loved one are affected by a seizure disorder and believe a seizure service dog would improve your daily life, please feel free to contact us. Our trainers can help you decide what type of training would be best for your situation and needs to ensure you get the most out of your service dog. Because every person is unique, our service dogs are selected and trained to each client’s specific needs and lifestyle.